Lanner Falcon occurs in southern Europe (mainly Italy), Middle East and Africa. The population is increasing. Poisoning, shooting and trapping for falconry have been the main threats in mid-20th century that lead to severe declines of Lanner Falcon in Europe and Israel. Other threats are habitat destruction and collisions with windmills.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as migratory species that conservation is requiring international cooperation.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Falconiformes – falcons and caracaras
■ Family Falconidae – falcons and caracaras
■ Species Falco biarmicus – Lanner Falcon