The Garlic Toad is found throughout the central and eastern part of Europe. It occurs in plains as well as hilly regions up to 675 metres above sea level. The numbers are currently decreasing. The populations are affected by habitat alteration and loss.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex IV of EU Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats of wild fauna and flora (the Habitats Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers’ Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Amphibia – amphibians
■ Order Anura – frogs
■ Family Pelobatidae – European spadefoot toads
■ Species Pelobates fuscus – Garlic Toad