IUCN Red List: Endangered
Golden Lion Tamarin occurs in state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The population is estimated as currently stable, but it is very low in numbers. Historically the major threats were habitat loss and fragmentation as well as pet trade. Currently the main factors are reduced numbers (that leads to inbreeding depression), along with limited possibilities for population growth in the few fragmented forests that have been remained in the species' restricted range.
■ Listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1982.
■ Captive population data are recorded in International Golden Lion Tamarin Studbook since 1972.
■ Within EAZA, a Golden Lion Tamarin EEP (Endangered Species Programme) was established in 1993, it is coordinated by ZSL Whipsnade Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Primates – primates
■ Family Callitrichidae – callitrichids
■ Species Leontopithecus rosalia – Golden Lion Tamarin