IUCN Red List: Near Threatened
Maned Wolf is distributed in central South America. It occurs in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru, and is possibly not found anymore in Uruguay. The current population trend is unknown. There are four major threats to the species – habitat loss due to its conversion to agricultural lands and pastures, persecution due to livestock losses and cultural beliefs, road kills due to traffic increase, and disease transmission from domestic dogs.
■ Listed as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
■ Captive population data are recorded in International Maned Wolf Studbook.
■ Within EAZA, an Maned Wolf EEP (Endangered Species Programme) was established in 1990, it is coordinated by Zoo Leipzig.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Carnivora – carnivores
■ Family Canidae – canids
■ Species Chrysocyon brachyurus – Maned Wolf