Pygmy Marmosets occur in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. The numbers decrease. Threats include hunting, use as pets, international trade and, in some localities, habitat loss.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Primates – primates
■ Family Callitrichidae – callitrichids
■ Species Callithrix pygmaea – Pygmy Marmoset
■ Subspecies Callithrix pygmaea niveiventris – Eastern Pygmy Marmoset
The taxonomy of Pygmy Marmoset differ in various sources. Some authors hold a view that the species should be placed in a separate genus, Cebuella (as Cebuella pygmaea).