European Roller breeds in south-west and south-central Europe, south-west Asia and north-west Africa (Morocco). The numbers are decreasing. Major threat is habitat destruction.
■ Listed in Appendices I and II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as a threatened migratory species that conservation is requiring international cooperation.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers' Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
An article about European Roller conservation project in Latvia:
Gulbe E. 2005. Kurš redzējis vārnu? Stāsti aiz un šaipus kadra (Have You Seen the Roller? About the new film of Wildlife and Environmental Film Productions). – Putni dabā 15.2: 7–10. Latvian Ornithological Society. (In Latvian.)
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Coraciiformes – rollers, kingfishers, bee-eaters, motmots and todies
■ Family Coraciidae – rollers
■ Species Coracias garrulus – European Roller