Common Crane occurs in Europe, Asia and northeastern Africa. The population is increasing. The major threats are poaching (especially during migration) and habitat destruction.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as migratory species that conservation is requiring international cooperation.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers' Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Gruiformes – cranes, rails and relatives
■ Family Gruidae – cranes
■ Species Grus grus – Common Crane