White-tailed Sea Eagle occurs in Europe and Asia as well as Iceland, Greenland and Alaska. Species has been reintroduced in Scotland. Numbers are currently increasing. The major threats are habitat destruction, poaching, environmental pollution, poisoning, collisions with windmills.
■ Within EAZA, a White-tailed Sea Eagle EEP (European Endangered Species Programme) was established in 1995, it is coordinated by Poznan Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendices I and II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as a threatened migratory species (Appendix I) that conservation is requiring international cooperation (Appendix II).
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers' Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Accipitriformes – hawks, eagles, kites and relatives
■ Family Accipitridae – hawks, eagles and vultures
■ Species Haliaeetus albicilla – White-tailed Sea Eagle