Vicuña occurs in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru. The species range covers an area of ca. 250,000 km². The numbers increase. The main threat is poaching.
■ Captive population data are recorded in International Vicuña Studbook since 1969. The studbook is kept by Zoo Zürich.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), it is coordinated by Zoo Zürich.
■ Listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendices I and II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as a threatened migratory species (Appendix I) that conservation is requiring international cooperation (Appendix II).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Artiodactyla – even-toed ungulates
■ Family Camelidae – camelids
■ Species Vicugna vicugna – Vicuña, or Vicugna