Markhor occurs in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Subspecies heptneri is confined to Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The numbers are currently increasing. The major threats include overhunting as well as habitat loss due to competition with livestock.
■ Markhor is included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1965, listed as Near Threatened since 2015.
■ Subspecies Capra falconeri heptneri is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), it is coordinated by Helsinki Zoo.
■ Markhor is listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Artiodactyla – even-toed ungulates
■ Family Bovidae – bovids
■ Species Capra falconeri – Markhor
■ Subspecies Capra falconeri heptneri – Turkmenian Markhor