Southern Tamandua occurs in Southern America. The current population trend is unknown. There are no major threats to this small anteater, although in some areas it is hunted for meat, by domestic dogs, or sold as a pet, or suffers from habitat loss and degradation, wildfires, and road traffic.
■ Within EAZA, Southern Tamandua captive population data are recorded in European Studbook since 2002. The studbook is kept by Zoo Krefeld.
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Pilosa – sloths and anteaters
■ Family Myrmecophagidae – anteater species
■ Species Tamandua tetradactyla – Southern Tamandua
■ Subspecies Tamandua tetradactyla longicaudata – Southern Tamandua