South American Tapir
South American Tapir is distributed in South America. It occurs in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The numbers decrease. The main threats include habitat loss due to deforestation and competition with livestock, as well as hunting for meat.
■ Included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1996, listed as Vulnerable since 2002.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), currently it is coordinated by CERZA (Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche Zoologiques Augeron).
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Perissodactyla – odd-toed ungulates
■ Family Tapiridae – tapirs
■ Species Tapirus terrestris – South American Tapir, or Lowland Tapir