Snowy Owl occurs in the northern part of Northern Hemisphere. The population is decreasing. The species can be affected by climate change. Other threats include collisions with automobiles, airplanes and power lines, as well as entanglement in fishing tackle.
■ Included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Vulnerable (VU) since 2017.
■ A Snowy Owl EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme) was established in 2021, it is coordinated by Helsinki Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Strigiformes – owls
■ Family Strigidae – typical owls
■ Species Bubo scandiacus – Snowy Owl