Manchurian Crane occurs in China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia and Taiwan. The population is decreasing. The major threats are habitat destruction, pollution and poaching.
■ Included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1988, listed as Vulnerable (VU) since 2021.
■ Captive population data are recorded in International Studbook since 1972.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme). Currently it is coordinated by Moscow Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendices I and II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as a threatened migratory species (Appendix I) that conservation is requiring international cooperation (Appendix II).
Read about Manchurian Crane breeding at Riga Zoo:
Graubica A. 2009. Japānas dzērvju Grus japonensis turēšana un vairošana Rīgas zoodārzā (Keeping and breeding Manchurian Crane Grus japonensis in Riga Zoo). – Rīgas Nacionālais zooloģiskais dārzs 2008. 35.–46. lpp. (In Latvian and English.)
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Gruiformes – cranes, rails and relatives
■ Family Gruidae – cranes
■ Species Grus japonensis – Manchurian Crane