Sākums Animals European Mink

European Mink

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme)

European Mink is listed as critically endangered after dramatic population decline because of habitat degradation and the effects of introduced American Mink (Neovison vison). The remained wild population is small, fragmented and declining. The species is still found in France, Romania, Russia, Spain and Ukraine. The species is extinct in Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech republic, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia and Switzerland. The reintroduction programme is ongoing in Estonia.


■ European Mink is listed as Critically Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 2011.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), it is coordinated by Tallinn Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Bern Convention, as a strictly protected fauna species in Europe.
■ Listed in Annexes II and IV of EU Habitats and Species Directive.


■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Carnivora – carnivores
■ Family Mustelidae – mustelids
■ Species Mustela lutreola – European Mink
■ Subspecies Mustela lutreola novikovi – European Mink

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