European Forest Reindeer
European Forest Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus fennicus) is one of three wild Reindeer subspecies found in Europe (along with Mountain Reindeer of Southern Norway, and Svalbard Reindeer). Forest subspecies occurs in two isolated subpopulations in Finland. The population trend is currently unclear. The main threats include habitat loss through logging, as well as disturbance by humans due to winter sporting activities. A potential problem is hybridization with domestic reindeer.
■ Reindeer is included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2015, listed as Vulnerable (VU).
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme). Currently it is coordinated by Helsinki Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix III of Bern Convention, as a protected fauna species in Europe.
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Artiodactyla – even-toed ungulates
■ Family Cervidae – deer
■ Species Rangifer tarandus – Reindeer
■ Subspecies Rangifer tarandus fennicus – European Forest Reindeer, or Finnish Forest Reindeer