Eurasian Eagle-owl occurs in Europe and Asia. The population is decreasing. The major threats are habitat destruction, pollution, poisoning as well as virus disease that affects prey populations (myxomatosis in rabbits).
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers’ Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
Read about Riga Zoo’s Eagle Owl release pilot project:
Gulbe E. 2002. Ūpju brīvlaišanas sāga: Vai viegli būt ūpim mežā? (Saga of Eagle-Owl release into the wild: Is it easy to be an Eagle-Owl in the forest?) – Putni dabā 12.4: 8–13. (In Latvian, with English summary.)
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Strigiformes – owls
■ Family Strigidae – typical owls
■ Species Bubo bubo – Eurasian Eagle-owl
■ Subspecies Bubo bubo bubo – European Eagle-owl