Eurasian Brown Bear
The Brown Bear is the most widely distributed ursid. The species occupies ca. 5,000,000 km² of northwestern North America, 1,200,000 km² of Europe, as well as the European part of Russia and much of northern Asia. The numbers are currently stable. The threats to the species in Europe include habitat loss, disturbance and persecution.
■ Within EAZA, Brown Bear captive population data are recorded in European Studbook since 1994. The studbook is currently kept by Ouwehands Diernepark, Rhenen.
■ Brown Bear is listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Brown Bear is listed in Appendix II of Bern Convention, as a strictly protected fauna species in Europe.
■ Brown Bear is listed in Annexes II and IV of EU Habitats and Species Directive.
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers’ Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Carnivora – carnivores
■ Family Ursidae – bears
■ Species Ursus arctos – Brown Bear
■ Subspecies Ursus arctos arctos – Eurasian Brown Bear