Crested Newt is widely distributed in Europe, except the most northern and southern parts. In parts of its range the Crested Newt is declining or rare, and the population is decreasing. Loss and fragmentation of suitable habitat as well as introduction of predatory fish are the main threats.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annexes II and IV of EU Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats of wild fauna and flora (the Habitats Directive).
■ An especially protected species in Latvia (the Cabinet of Ministers’ Regulations No. 396 on November 14, 2000).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Amphibia – amphibians
■ Order Caudata – salamanders
■ Family Salamandridae – true salamanders and newts
■ Species Triturus cristatus – Crested Newt