Common Piranha is native to South America. It occurs found in the Amazon and Parana/Paraguay basins, as well as coastal rivers of north-eastern Brazil. Through popular books Common Piranha has got a reputation as a gruesome man-eater, though this is not actually the case. Being omnivore, it feeds mainly on fish, insects, worms, crustaceans and plants.
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Actinopterygii – ray-finned fishes
■ Order Characiformes – characins and their allies
■ Family Characidae – characids
■ Species Pygocentrus nattereri – Common Piranha