Sākums Animals Cinereous Vulture

Cinereous Vulture

IUCN Red List: Near Threatened
EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme)

Cinereous Vulture occurs in Europe (mainly in Spain) and Asia. There are several reintroduction projects. The numbers are currently decreasing. The major threats are hunting, poaching, poisoning and habitat destruction.

In 2018 Riga Zoo participated in Cinereous Vulture reintroduction project in Bulgaria, supplying it with two young specimens hatched at the Zoo in Riga and Affiliate Cīruļi respectively.


■ Included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1988, listed as Near Threatened (NT) since 1994.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme). The programme is coordinated by Planckendael Zoo.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS, or Bonn Convention) as migratory species that conservation is requiring international cooperation.
■ Listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats as a strictly protected fauna species.
■ Listed in Annex I of EU Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the Conservation of wild birds (the Birds Directive).

Read about Cinereous Vulture monitoring in the wild:

Matsone L. 2003. Melno grifu monitoringa programma Grieķijā (The Cinereous Vulture monitoring programme in Greece). – Rīgas Nacionālais zooloģiskais dārzs 2002. 74.–75. lpp. (In Latvian, with English summary.)

Read about Riga Zoo’s participation in Cinereous Vulture reintroduction project:

Di Marzio A. 2019. Rīgas zoodārza melnie grifi reintrodukcijas projektā Bulgārijā (Cinereous Vultures from Riga Zoo (Latvia) in reintroduction to Balkans (Bulgaria)). – Rīgas Nacionālais zooloģiskais dārzs 2018. 58.–63. lpp. (In Latvian and English.)

Di Marzio A. 2020. Rīgas zoodārza melno grifu ceļš savvaļā (Riga Zoo’s Cinereous Vultures after their release to the wild). – Rīgas Nacionālais zooloģiskais dārzs 2019. 50. lpp. (In Latvian and English.)

Di Marzio A. 2021. Sugu saglabāšana un pētījumi (Conservation and Research). – Rīgas Nacionālais zooloģiskais dārzs 2020. 21.–23. lpp. (In Latvian; see maps on pages 22 and 23, with descriptions in Latvian and English.)


■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Aves – birds
■ Order Accipitriformes – hawks, eagles, kites and relatives
■ Family Accipitridae – hawks, eagles and vultures
■ Species Aegypius monachus – Cinereous Vulture

Subscribe to newsletter

Our supporters and partners