Giraffes are distributed in Africa. The numbers are in decline. There are four major threats that affect Giraffe populations:
■ habitat loss due to deforestation, land use conversion, agricultural expansion and human population growth;
■ civil unrest and armed conflicts;
■ ecological changes associated with mining, agricultural expansion, and climate.
■ Giraffe is included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1996, listed as Vulnerable since 2016.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), currently it is coordinated by Opel Zoo, Germany.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
More on giraffes on Riga Zoo:
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Artiodactyla – even-toed ungulates
■ Family Giraffidae – giraffes and okapi
■ Species Giraffa camelopardalis – Giraffe
■ Subspecies Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi – Baringo Giraffe, or Rothschild’s Giraffe