Amur Tiger occurs in Russia. A small part of the wild population is found also in China. The most recent wild population estimate is 360 individuals in 2005, and the numbers now are in the decline. Poaching of Tigers as well as their wild prey species is considered to be driving the decline. Any new losses are crucial since the genetic diversity within the population is already low.
■ Amur Tiger is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
■ Tiger captive population data are recorded in International Tiger Studbook since 1966.
■ The species is managed under the EEP (EAZA Ex-situ Programme), currently it is coordinated by Tierpark Berlin.
■ Tiger is listed in Appendix I of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Carnivora – carnivores
■ Family Felidae – cats
■ Species Panthera tigris – Tiger
■ Subspecies Panthera tigris altaica – Amur Tiger