IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
South American Tapir is distributed in South America. It occurs in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The numbers decrease. The main threats include habitat loss due to deforestation and competition with livestock, as well as hunting for meat.
■ Included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1996, listed as Vulnerable since 2002.
■ Within EAZA, an South American Tapir EEP (Endangered Species Programme) was established in 1993, it is coordinated by Parc Zoo du Reynou, Limoges.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Perissodactyla – odd-toed ungulates
■ Family Tapiridae – tapirs
■ Species Tapirus terrestris – South American Tapir, or Lowland Tapir