IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
Afghan Urial Sheep occur in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan. The numbers decrease. Urial Sheep are threatened mainly by poaching, livestock overgrazing, and habitat degradation caused by firewood gathering and by agriculture.
■ Listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species since 1996.
■ Listed in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, or Washington Convention).
■ Phylum Chordata – chordates
■ Class Mammalia – mammals
■ Order Artiodactyla – even-toed ungulates
■ Family Bovidae – bovids
■ Species Ovis aries – Sheep
■ Subspecies Ovis aries cycloceros – Afghan Urial Sheep
The taxonomy of Ovis species differ in various sources. The most correct approach could be to treat the Domestic Sheep and its wild ancestor the Urial as separate species, i.e. Ovis aries (Domestic Sheep) and Ovis orientalis (Urial).